Processos participativos: de onde vêm e para onde vão?
Os novos processos participativos com a sociedade civil têm vindo a representar um fenómeno de destaque em muitas democracias contemporâneas. Experiências pioneiras de orçamento participativo desempenharam um grande papel na replicação à escala global, como demonstram as mais de 2 mil autarquias no mundo empenhadas neste tipo de processo. No Brasil, onde o primeiro orçamento participativo foi realizado pelo município de Porto Alegre nos finais dos anos 80, a Rede de Brasileira de Orçamento Participativo contabilizou 355 processos em curso até 2012, e dados mais recentes confirmam que cerca de mil orçamentos participativos foram implementados até 2016 na América Latina. Em 2018 contam-se cerca de 3500 orçamentos participativos em Europa, seguidos pela Ásia, com cerca de 800, África, com cerca de 350, e Estados Unidos, com cerca de 75. Continuar a ler →
For three days, I have immersed myself in the climate leadership training in Los Angeles, CA, USA, promoted by Climate Reality Project, a non-profit international organization dedicated to education and advocacy. Now I have a green circular button I can use as a global identification – a symbol that allows me to be named a climate leader and to be part of a global community of more than seventeen thousand people. Mine was the 39th climate leadership training and the largest already within a thread that began with the historical meeting held in 2006 outside of a barn in a farm with no more than twelve people sitting around in wood benches. Al Gore was and still is in command. He is the leader of a crowd in the U.S. eager for transformation, one of its kind, and the tactics of the Climate Reality Project rely on interpersonal communication, innovative technology and business trade. The goal is to create individual and societal support for strengthening the U.S. position as one of the players on the global effort to decarbonize the economy.
This post is part of a series on informality in practice, to be published at regular interval on the ATS blog.
Formally, the series constitutes a theoretically-ambitious attempt at exploring the implications of key insights from practice theory for the realm of urban governance (both analytically and normatively). In methodological terms, the series will implement a heuristic research strategy based (in terms of its epistemological premises) on the potential of bottom-up theorization via case studies research.
Practically, the series will publish short posts telling stories – possibly with short video clips and nice pictures of exotic places. If this thing is going to fly, it will first become something self-sustaining, then a must read for the local community of scholars, then a trail-blazing publication, then an H2020, and finally a hugely popular and critically-acclaimed tv series like Black Mirror – only focusing on the more optimistic side of life.
Apesar de existirem algumas incertezas científicas sobre a forma como as alterações climáticas afectam os ciclones tropicais, a variabilidade do clima e as alterações climáticas estão definitivamente a influenciar estes fenómenos climáticos extremos, cada vez mais intensos e devastadores.
Na passada sexta-feira, a 14 de setembro, teve lugar no Instituto de Ciências Sociais uma conferência organizada no âmbito da abertura do programa doutoral em Alterações Climáticas e Políticas de Desenvolvimento Sustentável, uma iniciativa da Universidade de Lisboa em coordenação com a Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Continuar a ler →
This piece was first produced for a seminar held at ICS in July, 2017. A fully referenced version was published as part of a ‘position paper’ on the website of the INTREPID Cost-Action here.
At this rate, we’ll never get to the future.
(Chuck Palahniuk, Invisible Monsters, 40)
Recent years have seen a resurgence of interest in getting to the future.
The existential threat posed by ecological crises and the logical impossibility of indefinite growth on a finite planet has, for example, generated a profound sense of urgency. As Bruno Latour has argued, time is running out to take action. However, its normal flow also seems to have been reversed. Innumerable threats now seem to stream back towards the present from a damaged future that we are responsible for creating yet seem incapable of avoiding. Continuar a ler →