A neutralidade carbónica em Portugal: uma transição (in)justa?

Por: Vera Ferreira

Em 2016, o Governo Português comprometeu-se a alcançar a neutralidade carbónica no horizonte 2050. No início de 2021 – que inaugura a década que será, segundo o Executivo, a mais decisiva na transição para a neutralidade carbónica –, vivemos o agudizar das dramáticas consequências sanitárias e socioeconómicas da pandemia de Covid-19. Assim, esta transição irá decorrer num contexto de justaposição de crises – pandémica, socioeconómica e climática –, sendo passível de reproduzir e/ou exacerbar desigualdades e exclusões multidimensionais.

Importa, por conseguinte, analisar a política energética adotada pelo Governo, procurando antecipar se estão reunidas as condições para assegurar uma transição socioecológica justa, isto é, em que os benefícios são equitativamente distribuídos pelo conjunto da sociedade, e os custos são suportados pelos setores que mais lucraram com a economia dos combustíveis fósseis.

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On moral action for the sake of humanness and humanity

By Tim O’Riordan

I do not believe what I am about to suggest will happen. Nevertheless I feel it is timely to express it. I am a Gaianist, in that I subscribe to the provable evidence of an almost miraculous self-organising and self-perpetuating planet. We appear to be in stage two of the Gaian journey. The beginning was the microbial age of single celled biota which still colonise the microbiomes of our internal life giving functions. The second age of the more sophisticated many celled biota led eventually to the emergence of humanity. We seem to be heading towards the end of this age. What looms is a third Gaian age of a planet which is essentially post human. This could emerge within the coming thousand years. By post human I posit a species which has essentially lost any moral concern for the viability of its offspring, nor has the capability of being able to create the conditions for meaningful survival of the remaining human race. In essence that third Gaian age heralds the emergence of a species that can only live for its own existence. The humanness of caring, sharing and reciprocating will have atrophied. The essence of sustainability, namely providing both the conditions and the capabilities for future generations to live sustainably, will have been lost.

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