Fishing in the Anthropocene

By: Joana Sá Couto

Humanity’s impact on planet Earth is undeniable. Despite the creation of a Geological Era called Anthropocene still being a controversial subject among scientists, the term has been used to discuss a period of time when human action becomes an inevitable subject to think about the terrestrial system, or even as written by Crutzen: humans as a great force of nature. But make no mistake. The Anthropocene does not mean the end of nature, but rather a possible turning point: more than ever we realize that humans are part of Nature and our life depends on a harmonious relationship between us and the life around us – we can enjoy the Anthropocene to reflect on this relationship and redefine it.

The concept of Anthropocene has, in fact, led to an ever-greater reflection on the question of the sustainability of everything: we humans are part of Nature and we have to preserve it, even though the political economic model in which we live formats us to search for profit and economic growth, which, even though contradictory, continues to be parallel to the sustainability agenda. Thus, depending on the perspectives and reflection of each author, as well as on their focus, others concepts derived from the notion of Anthropocene have arised, such as Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Carbocene, Manthropocene.

One of these others is Plasticene. Plastic is a synthetic material that has become a landmark of the Anthropocene, due to its distribution in marine and terrestrial environments, becoming a distinctive stratal component. The impact of plastics is varied, and has been increasingly analyzed. However, it is in the marine environment that its presence has been given more attention, as it appears on beaches, in the stomachs of fish and in fishing nets.

Continuar a ler

Desordenamento do território em tempo de alterações climáticas – os exemplos da CUF Tejo e do novo aeroporto no Montijo

Por Paulo Miguel Madeira

A necessidade de respostas adaptativas às consequências do aquecimento global constitui uma oportunidade, sem rival nas décadas mais recentes, para que em Portugal se leve a sério a necessidade de um ordenamento do território consequente, que responda às necessidades do conjunto da sociedade. Isto levaria a ter planos coerentes com os objetivos de política de território que sejam definidos, a todas as escalas, neste novo contexto em que os riscos climáticos se aceleram – em consonância com a versão revista do Programa Nacional da Política de Ordenamento do Território (PNPOT), recentemente aprovada. E levaria também a que as normas definidas nos vários planos fossem de facto aplicadas no terreno – o que nem sempre tem acontecido. Continuar a ler